The Tundra Biome is one of the most unique Biomes in the world. Covering one tenth of the earth's land area it is a substantial Biome. The Tundra is located above the tree line towards the North pole. As you can see in the picture. It is the least inhabited Biome in the world when it comes to humans. Because the tundra is not use to human activity it is most susceptible to change and damage from human use or pollution. Oil spills damage the plants, land and animals that live along the coast a great deal.
Because of its northern location there are many substantial
Facts about the Tundra Temperature: The Tundra has extremely cold temperatures. The summer high is around 40 degrees F. The coldest winter temperature gets down to a nipping -25 degrees F. That's much colder than any Biome in the world.
Land: The Tundra is permanently covered by a layer of frozen soil, or permafrost. The permafrost itself can reach between 300 to 1,500 feet deep. The permafrost severely hinders makes plant growth in the tundra.
Day Length: Because of the Tundra's northern position, during the winter, sometimes only a few hours or less of sunlight occur. In contrast, in the summer, the sun is almost up 24 hours a day.
Types of Tundra: There are two different types of Tundra, Polar Tundra and Arctic Tundra. Polar Tundra is found close to the earth's poles and Arctic Tundra is found above the tree level in high mountain ranges.
Precipitation: The average yearly precipitation in the Tundra is usually less than 15 inches.